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Health And Beauty Tips
3 Holiday Makeup Looks
Adverse food reactions
Allergic rhinitis
Anaphylactic shock adults
Anaphylaxis
Asthma
At the scene of an accident
Avoiding allergens
Babies failing to thrive
Back injuries
Bleeding
Children and young people
ColdMediDangerous Infants
Colds and flu
Disguise a Double Chin
Drinking Coffee Helps Fight Alzheimer's,
Drug allergy
Eczemas
Eye Allergies
Finding the time
Foods th8Lower Cholesterol
Grass-Fed Beef The Natural Alternative
Head Injury
Heart Attack
Heartburn
Help for Tired Eyes
Hepatitis C
How much exercise do I need
Injuries and treatment
Jaundice
Look Younger by Morning
Lung cancer cases
Maintaining  target weight
Makeup Tricks 4 Dark Skin
Match Makeup 2 Your Outfit
Moving on
Opening airway
Perfect Lipstick
Fixes CommonHair Problem
Recovery position
Risky Business for Teens
Sensible slimming
Sleep Disorders
Summer hay fever
Supporting someone with cancer
Tips to give up smoking
Treatment
Venom allergies
What's the right activity 4me
Why get fit
More Tips
 
 
 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                

 

 

 

 

                                                      Health And Beauty

 

 
 

Summer hay fever

Summer hay fever, also called seasonal allergic rhino-conjunctivitis,
occurs in the spring and summer, and affects the eyes and nose.

What causes it?
Hay fever is caused by breathing in pollen particles and by pollen
getting into the eyes. You can get hay fever at any time from early
spring to late summer, depending on which pollen or pollens you're
allergic to.

The pollens most likely to cause problems in early spring are those
from trees such as the silver birch, ash, oak and London plane.

The most profusely pollinating grasses are timothy, rye, cocksfoot,
meadow and fescue

Grasses pollinate during mid-summer from May to August.
The most profusely pollinating grasses are timothy, rye, cocksfoot,
meadow and fescue.

Occasionally, in late summer and autumn, weeds such as nettles and
dock as well as mugwort and plantain can trigger hay fever.

The condition tends to occur in atopic allergy-prone families and
usually starts in the early teens, with symptoms peaking in the 20s.

What are the symptoms?
The main symptoms of hay fever are:

Repeated sneezing attacks

Runny or itchy nose

Itchy or watery eyes

Itchy throat, palate and ears

Loss of concentration

General feeling of being unwell (hence 'fever')

If the pollen count is very high, many will also wheeze
(so-called hay 'asthma').

What's the treatment?
The most useful treatments for hay fever are:

Antihistamine tablets and nasal sprays, which if taken regularly
help to relieve a runny nose, sneezing, an itchy throat and itchy,
watery eyes

Anti-inflammatory nasal sprays and nose drops, which
reduce inflammation in the delicate lining of the nose.
These should be taken daily for the best results

Anti-allergy nasal sprays and eye drops, such as cromoglycate,
which act on the linings of the nose and eyes to stop the allergen
triggering a reaction

Decongestant tablets and sprays can help if the nose is
blocked and stuffy, but can lead to rebound blocking

Most of these medicines are available over-the-counter, but some
are only available on prescription. You may need to try different
treatments or find a combination that works best for you.

Steroid nose sprays are very safe and should be used continuously
throughout the pollen season

Steroid injections, although effective for symptom control, are
discouraged owing to unwanted side effects such as osteoporosis,
cataracts and skin thinning. However, steroid nose sprays are very
safe and should be used continuously throughout the pollen season
for the best results.

Homeopathic and herbal treatments are less effective than conventional
therapies. Some experts advocate taking local honey every day for a
few months before the pollen season starts to improve symptoms,
but no studies have been performed to prove this.

If symptoms remain severe despite medication, you may benefit from
desensitisation immunotherapy to grass pollen. This involves being
given tablet or injections containing minute amounts of pollen, with
the dose being increased gradually over a three-year period to
induce immune tolerance and cure the allergy.

Sublingual grass pollen immunotherapy for timothy grass allergy is
available in the UK - ask your GP for details. No silver birch or tree
pollen immunotherapy is currently available.

Can it be prevented?
If you have hay fever, there are steps you can take to avoid
exposing yourself to pollen:

Keep an eye on the pollen count (often included in weather reports)
and stay inside as much as possible when it's high

Wear wrap-around sunglasses to stop pollen getting in your eyes

Saline douches or a little Vaseline applied inside the nose
will reduce symptoms

Keep car windows closed and switch on the air conditioning
to prevent pollen entering the car

Keep bedroom doors and windows closed in mid-morning
and early evening when pollen levels peak

Avoid areas such as parks or fields, particularly in the early
evening when there's a lot of pollen floating at nose level

Get someone else to mow the lawn and don't lie on freshly
cut grass

You may be able to find out what you're allergic to by having
allergy tests. You can then take practical steps to avoid that
particular pollen.

Oral allergy syndrome
Some people with hay fever develop oral allergies to certain fruits,
vegetables and nuts. This is also called pollen-food or oral allergy
syndrome (OAS).

People with OAS typically develop hay fever in early spring and
notice itching and swelling of the mouth and throat when they eat
fresh fruit and vegetables. This is due to the food containing a
protein similar to the allergy-provoking protein in the pollen.

The hay fever usually first appears in the teens, with oral allergies
developing in the 20s. It doesn't usually progress beyond oral irritation.

Those who are allergic to silver birch pollen develop oral allergies to
apples, peaches, cherries, carrots, celery, hazelnuts, peanuts and
walnuts. People allergic to grass pollen may develop oral allergies
to tomato, melon and watermelon.

Mugwort pollen allergy cross-reacts with apple, celery and carrot.
Ragweed pollen allergy cross-reacts with bananas, melon and honey.

People don't react to cooked or canned foods because this alters
the allergen, rendering it less able to provoke an allergy.

 

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