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Health And Beauty Tips
3 Holiday Makeup Looks
Adverse food reactions
Allergic rhinitis
Anaphylactic shock adults
Anaphylaxis
Asthma
At the scene of an accident
Avoiding allergens
Babies failing to thrive
Back injuries
Bleeding
Children and young people
ColdMediDangerous Infants
Colds and flu
Disguise a Double Chin
Drinking Coffee Helps Fight Alzheimer's,
Drug allergy
Eczemas
Eye Allergies
Finding the time
Foods th8Lower Cholesterol
Grass-Fed Beef The Natural Alternative
Head Injury
Heart Attack
Heartburn
Help for Tired Eyes
Hepatitis C
How much exercise do I need
Injuries and treatment
Jaundice
Look Younger by Morning
Lung cancer cases
Maintaining  target weight
Makeup Tricks 4 Dark Skin
Match Makeup 2 Your Outfit
Moving on
Opening airway
Perfect Lipstick
Fixes CommonHair Problem
Recovery position
Risky Business for Teens
Sensible slimming
Sleep Disorders
Summer hay fever
Supporting someone with cancer
Tips to give up smoking
Treatment
Venom allergies
What's the right activity 4me
Why get fit
More Tips
 
 
 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                

 

 

 

 

                                                      Health And Beauty

 

 
 

                     Sleep Disorders

 

Insomnia is the inability to sleep for a reasonable amount of time
to maintain adequate restfulness. It is the most common type of
sleep disorder.

Insomnia is not defined by the total number of hours slept.
Most adults require seven to eight hours of sleep a night, but
some only need four or five.

According to the National Center on Sleep Disorders Research,
about one in three American adults experience insomnia in a given
year. About one in 10 American adults experience insomnia that is
chronic or severe. Insomnia is more common among women
(especially after menopause) and the elderly. About half of people
over age 65 have frequent sleep problems.

Many conditions can cause insomnia. Some possible causes
of insomnia include:

Lifestyle factors (e.g., drinking caffeine or alcohol before
bedtime)

Medical conditions (e.g., peptic ulcers)

Psychiatric conditions (e.g., depression)

Medications (e.g., antidepressants)

Other sleep disorders (e.g., sleep apnea)

Symptoms of insomnia may include difficulty falling asleep,
waking up frequently during the night, daytime drowsiness
or irritability.

Many people visit their physician with complaints of insomnia.
A review of their medical history, a physical examination and details
of medications and lifestyle may help pinpoint the cause.
Patients should also be evaluated for psychiatric conditions.
They may be asked to keep a sleep diary to document sleep patterns
and behaviors. In some cases, patients may be referred to a sleep
center where sleep is analyzed by sleep disorder professionals.
This is usually done to rule out other sleep disorders.

Several approaches may be used to treat insomnia,
depending on its cause. Lifestyle changes, such as increased
exercise or elimination of alcohol or caffeine, may help the condition.
Sedative medications may also be prescribed, although they are not a
long-term solution. Some forms of therapy, such as relaxation therapy,
may help some patients.

About insomnia
Insomnia is difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, resulting in inadequate
length of sleep and/or poor quality of sleep. The disturbances caused
by insomnia affect people during their waking hours.

People with insomnia may wake frequently during the night and have
difficulty falling back asleep or may wake up too early in the morning.
Insomnia is the most common type of sleep disorder.

Sleep requirements differ among individuals. Therefore, insomnia is
not defined by how long it takes to fall asleep or the total number
of hours spent sleeping. Most adults require seven to eight hours
of sleep, but some people need only four to five hours.

Primary insomnia is difficulty with sleep that is diagnosed after other
underlying causes (such as medications or diseases) have been either
ruled out or treated. Factors such as chronic stress, hyperarousal,
poor sleep habits (such as drinking caffeine before sleeping) and
behavioral conditioning may contribute to primary insomnia.
If insomnia can clearly be attributed to an underlying cause, it is
called secondary insomnia. However, when another medical or
mental health disorder is also present, it can be difficult to determine
whether the insomnia is due to the disorder or if the other disorder is
secondary to insomnia. In addition, some people may indicate they
have insomnia, although a sleep study shows no sleep disturbances.

Insomnia may be:
Transient. Lasting for a single night to a few weeks. Most people
experience transient insomnia at some point in their lives. It is a
common response to jet lag or stressful situations, such as job loss
or death of a loved one.

Intermittent. Episodes of transient insomnia that occur from
time to time.

Chronic. Insomnia occurs on most nights or lasts a month or longer.
This is often the result of a medical, neurological or psychiatric
disorder or other factors.

Studies have not conclusively proven whether insomnia causes long-term
health problems, but some research has shown that insomnia can be
linked to problems with immune system functioning and muscle
endurance.

According to the National Center on Sleep Disorders Research,
about one in three American adults experience insomnia in a given year.
About one in 10 American adults experience insomnia that is chronic or
severe. Insomnia is more common among women (especially after
menopause) and the elderly. About half of people over age 65 have
frequent sleep problems.

Children also experience insomnia, for many of the same reasons
as adults, such as stress or poor sleep habits. They can also
experience insomnia as a result of nightmares and night terrors.

Changes that occur with age and may impact sleep include:
Sleep pattern changes. Sleep becomes less restful after age 50. More
time is spent in the earlier, transitional stages of sleep than the later
stages (deep sleep). The later stages are the most restful kind of sleep.

Activity changes. Older adults are less active than younger adults and
activity helps facilitate a good night’s sleep. Older adults may also
have more free time than younger adults and may have habits that
interfere with sleep, such as daytime napping and caffeine consumption.

Health changes. Chronic pain conditions that may interfere with sleep,
such as arthritis or back problems, occur more frequently with age.
Also, sleep disorders that result in insomnia, such as sleep apnea
(when breathing stops periodically throughout the night) and restless
legs syndrome (unpleasant sensations in the legs during the night), increase with age.

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