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Health And Beauty Tips
3 Holiday Makeup Looks
Adverse food reactions
Allergic rhinitis
Anaphylactic shock adults
Anaphylaxis
Asthma
At the scene of an accident
Avoiding allergens
Babies failing to thrive
Back injuries
Bleeding
Children and young people
ColdMediDangerous Infants
Colds and flu
Disguise a Double Chin
Drinking Coffee Helps Fight Alzheimer's,
Drug allergy
Eczemas
Eye Allergies
Finding the time
Foods th8Lower Cholesterol
Grass-Fed Beef The Natural Alternative
Head Injury
Heart Attack
Heartburn
Help for Tired Eyes
Hepatitis C
How much exercise do I need
Injuries and treatment
Jaundice
Look Younger by Morning
Lung cancer cases
Maintaining  target weight
Makeup Tricks 4 Dark Skin
Match Makeup 2 Your Outfit
Moving on
Opening airway
Perfect Lipstick
Fixes CommonHair Problem
Recovery position
Risky Business for Teens
Sensible slimming
Sleep Disorders
Summer hay fever
Supporting someone with cancer
Tips to give up smoking
Treatment
Venom allergies
What's the right activity 4me
Why get fit
More Tips
 
 
 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                

 

 

 

 

                                                      Health And Beauty

 

 
 

Eczemas

There are several types of eczema, which affect children and
adults, and have different causes. The two most common forms
are atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis.

Atopic dermatitis
This condition (also called atopic eczema or infantile eczema)
affects people with dry and rough skin ('keratosis pilaris') and may
be caused by a variety of allergens. It often starts in childhood and
tends to run in families.

Possible causes include:

Food allergy, which plays an important role in small children
but not in adults

Cow's milk and hen's eggs are the foods most likely to
exacerbate infantile eczema

House dust mites, which tends to affect older children and
adults

Pets, such as cats and dogs

Certain bacteria, which may cause sudden, severe outbreaks
of eczema

Contact dermatitis
This condition usually only affects adults. It happens when the skin
reacts to contact with a chemical substance.

There are two types of contact dermatitis:

Allergic contact dermatitis, which occurs when the skin becomes
sensitive to something over a period of time and develops an
allergic reaction

Irritant contact dermatitis, which occurs when the skin comes
into contact with something that strips away the skin's natural
oils and makes the skin red, dry, cracked and itchy

An estimated one in 12 adults and one in five school-age children have
eczema. According to the Health and Safety Executive, occupational
dermatitis (irritant contact dermatitis caused by sensitivity to substances
at work) accounts for up to a third of all working days lost by British
industry.

The most common causes of allergic contact dermatitis are:

Nickel in jewellery and on clothing fasteners and studs

Rubber and building materials such as cement, solvents and
glues

Ingredients found in cosmetics, hair dyes and perfumes

The most common causes of irritant contact dermatitis include:

Soaps, detergents and fabric conditioners

Shampoos

Disinfectants and bleaches

What are the symptoms?
In mild cases, eczema is nothing more than a slightly irritating patch
of sore skin, but in severe cases extensive areas of skin may become
inflamed and unbearably itchy. It's hardly surprising some people with
these symptoms develop problems such as depression with low self-
esteem, and have difficulty coping at school or work.

People with eczema are also more prone to herpes and wart infections.

Up to half of all babies with widespread atopic eczema will later develop
asthma as the eczema improves

Unfortunately, up to half of all babies with widespread atopic eczema will
later develop asthma as the eczema improves. This phenomenon is referred
to as the allergic march.

How do you find the cause?
If you have contact dermatitis, you must try to identify the cause and avoid
it. Patch tests are sometimes used to help identify the cause.

If you have atopic eczema, you may be able to find out what you're allergic
to by having special tests for respiratory and food allergens. Once an
allergen is identified, practical steps can be taken to avoid it.

What's the treatment?
Completely avoid the substance that triggers the eczematous rash
and treat any existing rash with low-dose steroid ointments and emollients.

Atopic eczema is usually a little more difficult to treat and you may
need to try a number of different treatments, or a combination of
treatments, before finding out which one is best for you. People
with atopic eczema should regularly use liberal amounts of emollients
(moisturising creams, ointments, lotions and bath oils) to soften and
hydrate their skin.

Outbreaks of eczema are usually treated with steroid creams that
reduce skin inflammation. These nearly always make the eczema
better but cannot get eliminate it completely.

You may be given antihistamines to make your skin less itchy.
These should also help you to sleep better at night by reducing itch.
In severe atopic eczema, you may be given a short course of oral
steroid tablets.

Antibiotics may occasionally be needed to treat impetigo and
eczema flare-ups caused by staphylococcus bacteria.

'Wet wrapping' is sometimes used overnight, particularly on
children

'Wet wrapping' is sometimes used overnight, particularly on children,
if emollients and steroid creams alone are not effective.
The treatment involves applying wet tubular bandages over
emollients and steroid creams to aid their absorption.
This treatment also helps to relieve itching and prevent scratching.
Evening primrose oil (or gamolenic acid) has been used to treat
atopic eczema, but with disappointing results.

Some results from trials using Chinese herbal medicine to treat
eczema have been encouraging, but it's important to remember
that just because a treatment is 'herbal' or 'natural' doesn't mean
it's safe for everyone.

Newer immuno-modulatory eczema creams called tacrolimus and
pimecrolimus seem very effective for clearing eczema on sensitive
skin such as the face and have no steroid side-effects.

If you have atopic eczema you may find the following useful:

Take lukewarm baths with emollients and don't stay in the
water too long

Pat the skin dry with a towel - never rub eczematous skin
dry

Avoid soap, detergents and shampoo - use aqueous cream
instead of soap

Wear cotton fabrics next to your skin - avoid wool and polyester

Wear loose rather than tight-fitting clothes

Clip your fingernails and don't scratch or rub your skin

Avoid sports that make you sweat a lot

Try to stay calm and relaxed because stress can make
eczema worse

For more information on treating and controlling eczema,
contact the National Eczema Society.


 

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